Background: Aadhaar, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Prime Minister Jan Dhan Yojana, Employee Provident Fund.
- The Centre was caught red-handed defying a Supreme Court order directing that no citizen will be denied benefits under a government scheme for want of an Aadhaar card.
- On October 15 2015, a Constitution Bench led by then Chief Justice of India H.L. Dattu had held that citizens cannot be forced to produce his Aadhaar to avail themselves of government welfare schemes and benefits.
- It had even hinted that the government risked contempt of court if it chooses to continue to make the Aadhaar number a mandatory condition. But the government seemed to have ignored the court’s warning in this case. A petition filed by the All-Bengal Minority Students Council clearly exposed the defiance.
- The petition pointed to a letter addressed by the Centre to States and Union Territories to make Aadhaar a mandatory condition for applying for pre-matric, post-matric and merit-cum-means scholarship schemes.
- On October 15 last year, the Constitution Bench had extended the voluntary use of Aadhaar cards to the MGNREGA, pensions schemes, Employee Provident Fund and the Prime Minister Jan Dhan Yojana.
- The Bench was modifying an August 2015 order restricting Aadhaar use to only PDS and LPG distribution.
- The Constitution Bench had directed that the voluntary nature of Aadhaar would continue now.